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PNF Preventive Nutrition and Food Science

Open Access


ISSN 2287-8602
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Instructions for Authors

Address all correspondence to the Preventive Nutrition and Food Science Editorial Office:
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
#1010, 993, Jungang-daero, Busanjin-gu, Busan 47209, Korea
Phone: +82-51-866-3693
Fax: +82-51-866-3695
E-mail: office@pnfs.or.kr
Online submission: https://www.pnfs.or.kr/

Preventive Nutrition and Food Science (Prev. Nutr. Food Sci.; PNF) is an international journal published quarterly by The Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition (KFN). It publishes results of original research on the chemical, biological, health and disease preventive aspects of food components, and also publishes reviews related to reventive nutrition and food science.

In particular, the Journal encourages papers dealing with the preventive effects of nutrients and food components on chronic disease development and modification of their bioactivity by food processing.

Manuscript submissions to Preventive Nutrition and Food Science must be made using the online system at http://www.pnfs.or.kr. Only manuscripts submitted through the website will be considered for review. Users are required to register when accessing the system for the first time. Information on user registration and manuscript submission is provided below. Detailed instructions and help files are also available online from the registration and submission areas of the manuscript submission program. If you experience serious problems you can contact the Preventive Nutrition and Food Science manuscript office: email: office@pnfs.or.kr The original manuscripts are categorized as follows: Original Research Papers, Research Notes, Reviews and Letters to the Editor. Reviews will be received by invitation of the editors or can be submitted by authors voluntarily. Statements made and opinions expressed in the manuscripts published in this Journal represent the views of authors and do not necessarily reflect the position of the Societies. In addition, the authors must respond to the questions related to the conflict of interest policy, scientific conduct and publication ethics. The Journal will not consider for publication a manuscript or work that has already been published or is described in a manuscript submitted or accepted for publication elsewhere.
Submission of manuscripts is open to nonmembers as well as members of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition. At the time of submission, complete contact information (name, affiliation, country, address, telephone number, cell phone number, fax number and e-mail address) for the corresponding author is required. First and last names, affiliation and department of all co-authors are also required. Submission of an article for publication implies that all named authors have agreed on its submission.

All submitted manuscripts will be treated as confidential and undergo double-blind peer review by the members of editorial board or their designees before acceptance for publication. The corresponding author is notified as soon as possible of the editor's decision to accept, reject, or request revision of manuscripts. When the final manuscript is completely acceptable according to the PNF format and criteria, it is scheduled for publication in the next available issue.

Questions related to the submission of a manuscript or changes in a manuscript submission should be submitted by the manuscript corresponding author. All correspondence from journal staff regarding a manuscript submission will be directed to the manuscript corresponding author.
Before submitting your manuscript, please make sure that your manuscript has been formatted according to instructions provided below and in the Manuscript Preparation section of this document.

When submitting, please be aware of the following requirements.
• A cover letter is recommended on submission. A cover letter includes an explanation of the manuscript's significance, including its originality, its contribution to new knowledge in the field, and its relevance to research in preventive nutrition and food science.
• The system requires authors to supply the names, e-mail addresses and affiliations of at least 2~3 recommended reviewers, who should not be anyone that is or, in the previous two years, has been a former adviser/advisee, colleague in the same institution, research collaborator, and/or coauthor of papers and patents or that has a conflict of interest in any other way.
• The manuscript abstract and text must appear in a single, double-spaced column; lines in the abstract and text must be numbered consecutively from beginning to end in a separate column at the left.
• All coauthors listed on the title page of the manuscript must be entered in the manuscript submission process. Only one corresponding author is allowed for each manuscript online submission. References must be numbered in the order that they appear in the text.
• All of the text (including the title page, abstract, all sections of the body of the paper, figure captions, scheme or chart titles and footnotes, and references) and tabular material should be in one file, with the complete text first followed by the tabular material.
• A separate conclusion section is not to be used. Conclusions should be incorporated into discussion section.

Authorship provides credit for a researcher’s contributions to a study and carries accountability. Authors are expected to fulfil the criteria below:


  • Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
  • Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
  • Final approval of the version to be published; AND
  • Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved

All authors must disclose any associations that pose real or perceived conflicts of interest in connection with the manuscript. Authors must acknowledge all funding sources supporting the work. Authors should also disclose any financial interests that they may have in the company supporting the work.

The author must obtain permission to reproduce figures, tables, and text from previously published material. Written permission must be obtained from the original copyright holder (generally the publisher, not the author or editor) of the journal or book concerned. An appropriate credit line should be included in the figure legend or table footnote, and full publication information should be included in the reference list. Written permission must be obtained from the author of any unpublished material cited from other laboratories, and should accompany the manuscript. All permissions listings must be shown in manuscript-they cannot be entered on proofs.

For the policies on the research and publication ethics not stated in this instructions, International standards for editors and authors (http://publicationethics.org/resources/international-standards-for-editors-and-authors) can be applied.

Processing of the violation on publication ethics: The journal adhere to the principles of COPE to investigate allegations of misconduct and to ensure the integrity of research. The journal editorial boards should deliberate and consider retracting/appropriate action a publication in accordance with the COPE guidelines (http://publicationethics.org/resources/flowcharts) if they have clear evidence of redundant publication, data fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, and unethical research.

The authors must be comply with the code of research ethics of this journal including as mentioned above.

All manuscripts accepted for publication become the sole property of the Publisher. The copyright transfer form is sent to authors with proofs. Material published in the PNF is copyrighted by the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, and may not be eproduced without the written permission from the Editor-in- Chief.

A statement describing any financial conflicts of interest or lack thereof is published with each manuscript. During the submission process, the corresponding author must provide this statement on behalf of all authors of the manuscript. The statement should describe all potential sources of bias, including affiliations, funding sources, and financial or management relationships, that may constitute conflicts of interest. The statement will be published in the final paper. If no conflict of interest is declared, the following statement will be published in the paper: "The authors declare no conflict of interest for all potential sources of bias, including affiliations, funding sources, and financial or management relationships."

Peer review is used to help ensure the highest possible quality in published manuscripts. Scientists with expertise in the subject matter will evaluate the manuscript for validity of the experimental design and results, originality, significance, and appropriateness to the Journal. The Editors may exercise their prerogative to decline a manuscript without peer review if that paper is judged to be outside the scope of the Journal, poorly written or formatted, fragmentary and marginally incremental, or lacking in significance. All manuscripts submitted are reviewed and handled by the Editor-in-Chief or assigned to one of the Editors. The Editors are then responsible for the assigned manuscripts, including evaluating the content and format of the paper, selecting reviewers, monitoring the progress of the review process, evaluating the comments of reviewers and forwarding them to the authors for their response, communicating ultimate acceptance or rejection to the corresponding author, and carrying out a final check of accepted manuscripts for appropriate format and style.

Typically, two reviewers are selected per paper on the basis of the subject matter, available expertise, and the Editor's knowledge of the field. Reviewers are normally asked to provide their assessments within two to three weeks. Anonymous copies of the reviews and the Editor's decision regarding the acceptability of the manuscript are sent to the corresponding author. If the reviewers' evaluations of the manuscript disagree, or if reviewer's and Editor's comments are not satisfactorily addressed by the authors, the Editor may reject the manuscript or select additional reviewers. These additional reviews are used by the Editor to assist in reaching the final decision regarding disposition of the manuscript.

General: The entire manuscript, including tables should be produced using A4 paper size and double spacing throughout, with a margin of 30 mm at the top and bottom and on both sides. Generally, the size of the manuscript should be reduced to a minimum while retaining clarity. Submissions not conforming to these guidelines may be returned to the authors. Authors should consult a recent issue of the journal for style and layout if possible. The Editors reserve the right to adjust style to certain standards of uniformity.

Title Page: A title page must have the full title, which should be short and informative. A short running head containing not more than 50 characters including spaces is also required together with the names of all authors and the affiliation(s) where the work was conducted. Provide the full postal address, e-mail address, telephone number of the author for correspondence.

Abstract and Key Words: The title of manuscript should be presented at the top of the abstract page. A single paragraph of the abstract not exceeding 250 words should be prepared. For original research papers, the abstract should describe the purpose, study methods, main findings and the principal conclusion of the study. Not more than five keywords should be included at the end of abstract.

Text: In case of original research paper, it should be divided into the following sections: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Acknowledgments, References. For other types of articles that are likely to need different formats, author(s) should consult the editor of PNF.

Tables: Tables should be numbered with Arabic numerals (Table 1, Table 2, etc) and cited consecutively in the text. Tables should be typed at the end of the manuscript, together with a suitable caption at the top of each table. Footnotes to tables should be placed at the bottom of the table to which they refer. Column headings should be kept as brief as possible, and units of measure indicated in parentheses.

Figures: Figures should be cited consecutively in the text by Arabic numerals (Fig. 1, Fig. 2, etc). Figure numbers, titles and legends should be typed double-spaced on a separate page. All figures should be submitted in such form as to permit reproduction without retouching or redrawing. The type area of journal is 170 mm wide×230 mm deep, in two columns per page, each column being 80 mm wide. Line drawings should be professionally drawn, or generated as high-resolution computer graphics. Lettering on the figures should be of good quality and of a size that allows for eventual reduction of the figures. Each figure must be clearly numbered. Figures should be saved in a separate file. Figure files should be submitted as JPG (JPEG) format. Please do not submit as TIF or EPS file formats. It will cause an error during conversion. The artwork files should be high resolution (at a minimum 300 dpi) for sharpness in print and online.

References: Reference list should be ordered alphabetically by the last name of the first author. Order multi-author publications of the same first author alphabetically with respect to second, third, etc. author, e.g. Kim (2002) or (Kim, 2002), Kim and Lee (2002) or (Kim and Lee, 2002), Miller et al. (2002) or (Miller et al., 2002), and Smith et al. (2002a)…/Smith et al. (2002b). When there are more than seven authors, it should be included ‘et al.’ after right the first six authors. Titles of articles, as well as titles of chapters in books, should be included. Abbreviate journal titles in accordance with the Bibliographic Guide for Editors and Authors (American Chemical Society). References should take the following form for citing of research papers, book chapters, patents, URL web pages, dissertations, and conference proceedings etc.

Journal example:
Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Graham SH, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002. 935:40-46.

Online journal example:
Sun C, Wu Z, Wang Z, Zhang H. Effect of ethanol/ water solvents on phenolic profiles and antioxidant properties of Beijing propolis extracts. J Int Food Res. 2015. Article ID: 595393.

Epub ahead of print example:
Jang GY, Kim MY, Lee YJ, Li M, Shin YS, Lee J, Jeong HS. Influence of organic acids and heat treatment on ginsenoside conversion. J Ginseng Res. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jgr.2017.07.008.

Book example:
Whitney EN, Rolfes SR. Understanding nutrition. 10th ed. Thomson Wadsworth, Belmont, CA, USA. 2005. p 264-280. Gordon MF. The mechanism of antioxidant action in vitro. In: Hudson BJF, editor. Food Antioxidants. Elsevier Applied Science. London, UK. 1990. p 1-18.

Patent example:
Himmelsbach F, Langkopf E, Eckhardt M, Mark M, Maier R, Lotz R, et al. 8-[3-Amino-piperidin-1-yl]-xanthines, the preparation thereof and their use as pharmaceutical compositions. US Patent 9,321,791. 2016.

URL (web page) example:
Statistics Korea. 2015 Annual report on the statistics for elderly. [cited 2017 Aug 2]. Available from: http://kostat.go.kr/portal/korea/kor_nw/2/1/index.board?bmode=read&aSeq=347102

Dissertation example:
Kim YS. Isolation of microbes for industrial fermentation from traditionally fermented soybean products and their characterization. Dissertation. Chonbuk National University, Jeonbuk, Korea. 2014.
Kim HS. The representation and standardization of native local foods in the winter season of Busan region. Master’s thesis. Pusan National University, Busan, Korea. 2011.

Conference proceedings example:
Seol AY, Lee SJ, Park GE, Wang WF, Kwon SH, Kim HJ, Cha YJ. Processing and quality of acid hydrolysate of soy sauce residue. Proceedings of the 67th Annual Meeting of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition. 2016 Oct 31-Nov 2. Jeju, Korea. p 292.
Unit, Nomenclature and Abbreviations: The SI system should be used for all scientific and laboratory data; if, in certain instances, it is necessary to quote other units, these should be added in parentheses. Temperature should be given in degrees Celsius (oC). Biochemical nomenclature should conform to that recommended by the IUPAC-IUB Commission, and enzymes should be given their EC numbers and systematic names. Abbreviations of chemical or other names should be defined when first mentioned unless commonly used and internationally known and accepted. Where abbreviations are likely to cause ambiguity or may not be readily understood by an international readership, units should be presented in full.

Statistics: Manuscripts reporting analytical, biological activity, composition, and related data must include relevant statistical information to support discussion of differences or similarities in data sets. Describe all statistical tests utilized and indicate the probability level (P) at which differences were considered significant. Where data are presented in the text, state what they represent (e.g. means± SEM). Indicate whether data were transformed before analysis. Specify any statistical computer programs used.

Animal or Human Studies: If either animal studies or human studies are to be described in manuscript, following information should be addressed by the authors: In case of animal studies, the permission/approval of institutional or national authorities on the care and use of animals and specific approval/ethics number must be stated by the authors. In addition, all the experimental procedure using animals should be approved by authorizing body. In human studies, the approval of local/national ethical committee should be stated with the specific name of the approving authorities. All the participating subjects should provide the informed consent form and this should be stated in the manuscript. Any inhumane procedures in submitted papers will definitely result in disapproval of the paper with no exceptions.

For the policies on research and publication ethics not stated in these instructions, 'Guidelines on Good Publication' (http://publicationethics.org/resources/guidelines, Committee on Publication Ethics) can be applied.

Proofs: Authors are responsible for ensuring that all manuscripts (whether original or revised) are accurately typed before final submission. Proofs are sent to the corresponding author(s) before publication and should be returned within 48 hours of receipt. The publishers reserve the right to charge for any changes made at the proof stage (other than printer's errors) since the insertion or deletion of even a single word may necessitate the resetting of whole paragraphs. All joint communications must indicate the name and full postal address of the author to whom proofs should be sent.

Page Charges and Offprints
Authors will be invoiced by the publisher for printed pages. The authors can download the paper PDF file on the journal web page, and offprints can be ordered at current printing prices. The corresponding author should pay the page charge via wire transfer (Bank: Kookmin bank, Account: The Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition 833601-00-018417) as follows: 30,000 Won (30$) for each printed page for domestic members and exemption for authors based outside the Republic of Korea

Before submitting your paper to the Journal, please make sure that you have included all necessary details. Please consult the Journal's Instructions for Authors for further details on any item.

Organization
of an article
Is it written according to the regulations of submission? (Title, Author, Address, Abstract, Key Words, Running Title, Footnote, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments, References, Tables, Description of Figure)
Format Ensure that online submission isin a standard word processing format (Microsoft MS Word).
Does the title page include article title, the running head, andauthor(s) name(s) and affiliation(s) including email(s), corresponding author contact information as well as disclosure of the financial support related to original research described in the manuscript?
Ensure your manuscript has been 'spell-checked'.
The entire manuscript is doubled-spaced.
All pages are numbered
Title Does the title not exceed 250 (150, without space) characters.
Abstract Does the abstract include the following: the purpose, study methods, main findings and the principal conclusion of the study?
Does the abstract range 250 words or less?
Keywords Are there two to five important words?
Authors All authors' institutions should be included.
Manuscript Are unnecessary abbreviations eliminated and necessary ones explained?
References Check that references are in the correct format for the journal (see the journal's 'Instruction for Authors' for details.).
All references mentioned in the reference list must be cited in the text, and vice versa.
Tables All tables are present (including title, description, footnotes).
Are abbreviations in tables explained in the table footnotes?
Are all tables referred to in the text?
Figures Ensure that graphics are high-resolution. Be sure all necessary files have been uploaded. All figure captions are available.
Are abbreviations in figures explained in the figure captions or legends?
Are all figures referred to in the text?
Are all figures numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals and numbered in the order in which they are mentioned?

Journal Information

Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
March, 2021
Vol.26 No.1

pISSN 2287-1098
eISSN 2287-8602

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